CHARACTERISTICS OF GELATIN FROM SWIM BLADDER OF YELLOWFIN TUNA (THUNNUS ALBACORES) AS INFLUENCED BY EXTRACTING TEMPERATURES

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O. Kaewdang
S. Benjakul
T. Prodpran
T. Kaewmanee
H. Kishimura

Keywords

Abstract

Gelatin was extracted from the swim bladder of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores) at different temperatures (60, 70 and 80°C) with the extraction yields of 35.6%, 41.1% and 47.3% (dry
weight basis), respectively. The ?-chains of gelatin decreased with increasing extraction temperatures.
Similar amino acid compositions were noticeable among all gelatins, in which glycine constituted the major amino acid. Imino acids ranged from 169 to 172 residues/1,000 residues. The
gel strength of gelatin extracted at lower temperature was higher than that of gelatins extracted at higher temperatures. Gelling and melting temperatures for swim bladder gelatin were 11.07-
15.24 and 20.36-22.33°C, respectively. Higher gelling and melting points were observed for gelatin extracted at lower temperatures. Microstructure of gel of gelatin extracted at 60°C was finer
with smaller voids, compared with others. FTIR spectra of obtained gelatins revealed the significant loss of molecular order of the triple-helix. Thus, extraction temperatures showed the direct
impact on characteristics of gelatin from swim bladder.
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