OPTIMISATION OF ULTRASOUND AND MICROWAVE-ASSISTED EXTRACTION OF CAFFEOYLQUINIC ACIDS AND CAFFEINE FROM COFFEE SILVERSKIN USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY

Main Article Content

A. Guglielmetti
V. D'Ignoti
D. Ghirardello
S. Belviso
G. Zeppa http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0397-6880

Keywords

caffeine, coffee silverskin, microwave-assisted extraction (MAE), polyphenolic compounds, ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE), response surface methodology (RSM)

Abstract

Ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) and microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of caffeoylquinic acids and caffeine from coffee silverskin (CS) at two particle size were investigated using response surface methodology and compared to a conventional solvent extraction (CSE). The impact of time and temperature on the extraction process was evaluated and extraction efficiency was optimised by measuring total phenolic content (TPC), radical scavenging capacity (RSC), caffeoylquinic acids (TotCQAs) and caffeine content. UAE allowed to obtain extracts with values of TPC, RSC and TotCQAs higher or similar to CSE; moreover UAE produced the highest caffeine content (14.24 g kg-1 dw) with a significant reduction of extraction time.
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