Effect of maltodextrin concentration and drying temperature on the physicochemical characteristics of Sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis) extract powder

Main Article Content

Hari Hariadi
Teguh Wahyono
Sandi Darniadi
Haris Maulana
Bambang Nurhadi
Suseno Amien
Agung Karuniawan
Ayaz Ali Khan
Tariq Aziz
Abdullah F. Alasmari

Keywords

drying temperature, maltodextrin, Sacha inchi, shrub

Abstract

Sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) is an ancestral plant with various beneficial properties and has been used as a food source due to its high nutritional value for human health. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the addition of maltodextrin concentration, the impact of the use of drying temperature, and the interaction of both on the physicochemical characteristics of powdered Sacha inchi extract. The results of this study would provide insightful information about the utilization of Sacha inchi, the optimal concentration of maltodextrin, and the drying temperature of powdered Sacha inchi extract. The experimental design used in this study is a Randomized Group Design with a 3x3 factorial pattern of two replications followed by Duncan’s further test. The observed variation consisted of maltodextrin concentration (5%, 10%, and 15%) and drying temperature (50°C, 60°C, and 70°C). This study includes chemical and physical responses such as moisture content, antioxidant activity, yield, solubility, hygroscopicity, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The effect of maltodextrin concentration and drying temperature factor was significant on moisture content, hygroscopicity, yield, and solubility. The interaction between drying temperature and maltodextrin concentration significantly affected moisture content and solubility.

Abstract 191 | PDF Downloads 190 HTML Downloads 0 XML Downloads 46

References

Ahmad E., Jahangeer M., Mahmood A.Z., Aziz T., Alharbi M., Alshammari A., et al. 2023a. Characterization and gastropro-tective effects of Rosa brunonii Lindl. fruit on gastric mucosal injury in experimental rats–a preliminary study. Acta Biochim Pol. 70(3): 633–641. 10.18388/abp.2020_6772

Ahmad B., Muhammad Yousafzai A., Maria A., Khan A.A., Aziz T., Alharbi M., et al. 2023b. Curative Effects of Dianthus orientalisagainst paracetamol-triggered oxidative stress, hepatic and renal injuries in rabbit as an experimental model. Separations, 10: 182. 10.3390/separations10030182

Alves, S. F., Borges, L. L., dos Santos, T. O., de Paula, J. R., Conceição, E. C., and Bara, M. T. F. 2014. Microencapsulation of essential oil from fruits of Pterodon emarginatus using gum arabic and maltodextrin as wall materials: Composition and stability. Drying Technology 32(1): 96–105. 10.1080/07373937.2013.816315

Ammara A., Sobia A., Nureen Z., Sohail A., Abid S., Aziz T., et al. 2023. Revolutionizing the effect of Azadirachta indica extracts on edema induced changes in C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 in albino rats: in silico and in vivo approach. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 27(13): 5951–5963. 10.26355/eurrev_202307_32947

Anggo, A. D., Swastawati, F., Farid Ma’ruf, W., and Rianingsih, L. 2014. Mutu Organoleptik dan Kimiawi Terasi Udang Rebon dengan Kadar Garam Berbeda dan Lama Fermentasi. JPHPI 17(1): 53–59. 10.17844/jphpi.v17i1.8137

Aqib M.S., Muhammad N., Shafiq U.R., Noor U.L., Tariq A., Alharbi M., et al. 2023. Iron oxide nanoparticles synthesis from madhuca indica plant extract, and assessment of its cytotoxic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic properties via different nano informatics approaches. ACS Omega. 8(37): 33358–33366. 10.1021/acsomega.3c02744

Arsyad, R., Asikin, A. N., and Zuraida, I. 2021. Penerimaan Konsumen terhadap Kaldu Bubuk dari Kepala Udang Windu (Penaeus manodon) dengan Berbagai Jenis Bahan Pengisi. Media Teknologi Hasil Perikanan 9(3): 124. 10.35800/mthp.9.3.2021.34146

Aryani, T., and Siswi Utami, F. 2017. Studi Pengaruh Suhu Penyimpanan terhadap Kadar Asam Lemak Omega-3 pada Air Susu Ibu (ASI). Jurnal Keperawatan Intan Husada 4(1):1–10.

Ayu Martini, N. K., Ayu Ekawati, N. G., and Timur Ina, P. 2020. Pengaruh Suhu dan Lama Pengeringan terhadap Karakteristik Teh Bungan Telang (Clitoria ternatea L.). Jurnal Ilmu Dan Teknologi Pangan (ITEPA) 9(3): 327. 10.24843/itepa.2020.v09.i03.p09

Aziz T., Ihsan F., Ali Khan A., Ur Rahman S., Zamani G.Y., Alharbi M., et al. 2023. Assessing the pharmacological and biochemical effects of Salvia hispanica (Chia seed) against oxi-dized Helianthus annuus (sunflower) oil in selected animals. Acta Biochim Pol. 70(1): 211–218. 10.18388/abp.2020_6621

Aziz, T., Qadir, R., Anwar, F., Naz S, Nazeer N, Nabi G et al. (2024). Optimal Enzyme-Assisted Extraction of Phenolics from Leaves of Pongamia pinnata via Response Surface Methodology and Artificial Neural Networking. Appl Biochem Biotech. (2024). 10.1007/s12010-024-04875-w

Bals, J., and Epple, M. 2023. Deep learning for automated size and shape analysis of nanoparticles in scanning electron microscopy. RSC Adv 13(5): 2795–2802. 10.1039/D2RA07812K

Brotas, M. S. C., Carvalho, G. A., and Pereira, P. A. P. 2020. Determination, through derivatization and GC-MS analysis, of Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids in fish oil capsules sold in Salvador, Bahia. J of Brazilian Chemi Soci. 31(3): 447–455. 10.21577/0103-5053.20190203

Cárdenas, D. M., Gómez Rave, L. J., and Soto, J. A. 2021. Biological activity of Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis Linneo) and potential uses in human health: A review. Food Techno and Biotech. 59(3): 253–266. 10.17113/ftb.59.03.21.6683

Cisneros, F. H., Paredes, D., Arana, A., and Cisneros-Zevallos, L. 2014. Chemical composition, oxidative stability and antioxidant capacity of oil extracted from roasted seeds of Sacha-inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.). J Agri and Food Chem. 62(22): 5191–5197. 10.1021/jf500936j

Ejaz A., Muhammad J., Nadeem I.B., Sarwar A., Aziz T., Alharbi M., et al. 2023. Isolation, structure elucidation & antidiabetic poten-tial of Rosa brunonii L. fruit–fight diabetes with natural reme-dies. J. Chil. Chem. Soc., 68(2): 5887–5894.

Fanali, C., Dugo, L., Cacciola, F., Beccaria, M., Grasso, S., Dachà, M., et al. 2011. Chemical characterization of Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) oil. J Agri and Food Chem. 59(24): 13043–13049. 10.1021/jf203184y

Gul R, Rahmatullah Q, Ali H, Bashir A, Ayaz AK, Aziz T et al. 2023. Phytochemical, Anitmicrobial, Radical Scavening and In-vitro biological activities of Teucurium stocksianum leaves. J. Chil. Chem. Soc., 68(1): 5748–5754.

Gutiérrez, L. F., Quiñones-Segura, Y., Sanchez-Reinoso, Z., Díaz, D.L., and Abril, J. I. 2017. Physicochemical properties of oils extracted from γ-irradiated Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) seeds. Food Chem. 237: 581–587. 10.1016/j.foodchem.2017.05.148

Hariadi, H., Karim, M. A., Hanifah, U., Haryanto, A., Novrinaldi Surahman, D. N., et al. 2023. Effect of butterfly-pea powder (Clitoria ternatea L.) and drying temperature towards physicochemical characteristics of butterfly-pea milk powder with vacuum drying method. Food Sci and Technol. (Brazil) 43: 1–8. 10.1590/fst.109622

Hariyanto, A., Fahmi, A. S., Dwi, A., Program, A., Teknologi, S., Perikanan, H., et al. 2022. Optimasi Suhu dan Waktu Pengeringan Kaldu Bubuk Kepala Ikan Nila (Oreochromis niloticus) menggunakan Response Surface. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Perikanan 4(2): 68–76. 10.14710/jitpi.2022.13094

Hayat P., Khan I., Rehman A., Jamil T., Hayat A., Rehman M.U., et al. 2023. Myogenesis and analysis of antimicrobial potential of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) against pathogenic bacteria. Molecules. 28: 637. 10.3390/molecules28020637

Hussain Z, Jahangeer M, Abid S, Najeeb U, Tariq A, Metab A, et al. 2023. Synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles mediated by the mentha piperita leaves extract and exploration of its antimicrobial activities. J Chil Chem Soc. 68(2): 5865–5870.

I.A.M. Indri Paramita, Sri Mulyani, Amna Hartiati. 2019. The effect of various addition of maltodextrin concentration on the characteristics of sweet soy powder produced by vacuum drying. Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian 20(3): 58–68.

Indri Paramita, I.A. Made; Mulyani Sri; Hartiati Amna. 2015. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Maltodekstrin dan Suhu Pengeringan Terhadap Karakteristik Bubuk Minuman Sinom. Jurnal Rekayasa dan Manajemen Agroindustri 3(2): 58–68.

Iram K., Sobia I., Nureen Z., Suhail A., Tariq A., Fahad A.A., et al. 2023. Isolation, preparation and investigation of leaf extracts of aloe barbadensis for its remedial effects on tumor necrosis fac-tor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL-6) by in vivo and in silico approaches in experimental rats. Acta Biochim Pol. 6827: 1–7. 10.18388/abp.2020_6827

Kodahl, N. 2020. Sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) from lost crop of the Incas to part of the solution to global challenges? Planta 251(4): 80. 10.1007/s00425-020-03377-3

Maurer, N. E., Hatta-Sakoda, B., Pascual-Chagman, G., and Rodriguez-Saona, L. E. 2012. Characterization and authentication of a novel vegetable source of omega-3 fatty acids, sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) oil. Food Chemistry 134(2):1173–1180. 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.02.143

Mhd Rodzi, N. A. R., and Lee, L. K. 2022. Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia Volubilis L.): Recent insight on phytochemistry, pharmacology, organoleptic, safety and toxicity perspectives. Heliyon 2022;8(9): e10572. 10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e10572. Erratum In: Heliyon 8(11): e11436.

Naveed M., Batool H., Rehman SU., Javed A., Makhdoom S.I., Aziz T., et al. 2022a. Characterization and evaluation of the antioxidant, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, and cytotoxic activities of sil-ver nanoparticles synthesized using brachychiton populneus leaf extract. Processes. 10(8): 1521. 10.3390/pr10081521

Naveed M., Bukhari B., Aziz T., Zaib S., Mansoor M.A., Khan A.A., et al. 2022b. Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using the plant extract of acer oblongifolium and study of its antibacterial and antiproliferative activity via mathematical approaches. Molecules. 27(13): 4226. 10.3390/molecules27134226

Puangpronpitag, D., Tankitjanon, P., Sumalee, A., and Konsue, A. 2021. Phytochemical screening and antioxidant activities of the seedling extracts from inca peanut plukenetia volubilis. Pharmacognosy Journal 13(1): 52–58. 10.5530/pj.2021.13.8

Putu Willigis Benito Khatulistiwa, I., Dewa Gde Mayun Permana, I., and Gusti Ayu Kadek Diah Puspawati, I. 2020. Pengaruh Suhu Pengeringan Oven terhadap Aktivitas Antioksidan Bubuk Daun Cement (Spondias pinnata (L.f) Kurz). (Online) Jurnal Itepa 9(3): 350–356. 10.24843/itepa.2020.v09.i03.p11

Rauf B, Alyasi S, Zahra N, Ahmad S, Sarwar A, Aziz T et al. (2023). Evaluating the influence of Aloe barbadensis extracts on edema induced changes in C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 in albino rats through in vivo and in silico approaches. Acta Biochim Pol. 70(2): 425–433. 10.18388/abp.2020_6705

Rayhani, Z., Kurniasih, E., Savia and Fadhilah, R. 2018. Classification of dextrose equivalent analysis maltodextrin starch seeds through enzymatic hydrolysis reaction. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 420(1): 1–5. 10.1088/1757-899X/420/1/012072

Riasat A., Jahangeer M., Sarwar A., Saleem Y., Shahzad K., Ur Rahman S., et al. 2023. Scrutinizing the therapeutic response of phyllanthus exmblica’s different doses to restore the immuno-modulation potential in immunosuppressed female albino rats. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 27(20): 9854–9865. 10.26355/eurrev_202310_34162.

Riaz M, Nawaz M, Qadir R Hussain S, Roheen T, Afzal M. 2023. Characterization and Antioxidant Potential of White Mustard (Brassica hirta) Leaf Extract and Stabilization of Sunflower Oil. Open Chemistry 21: 1–8. 10.1515/chem-2023-0175

Rodríguez-Cortina, A., Rodríguez-Cortina, J., and Hernández-Carrión, M. 2022. Obtention of Sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis Linneo) seed oil microcapsules as a strategy for the valorization of Amazonian fruits: Physicochemical, morphological, and controlled release characterization. Foods 11(24): 1–20. 10.3390/foods11243950

Sahupala, M. U., Une, S., and Limonu, M. 2019. Pengaruh Suhu dan Lama Pengeringan terhadap Sifat Kimia dan Organoleptik Bumbu Iloni Instan. Jambura Journal of Food Technol. 1(2): 2–13.

Saleem K, Aziz T, Ali Khan A, Muhammad A, Ur Rahman S, Alharbi M, et al. (2023). Evaluating the in-vivo effects of olive oil, soya bean oil, and vitamins against oxidized ghee toxicity. Acta Biochim Pol. 10;70(2): 305–312. 10.18388/abp.2020_6549

Sana, Ur Rahman S, Zahid M, Khan AA, Aziz T, Iqbal Z, et al. 2022. Hepatoprotective effects of walnut oil and Caralluma tuberculata against paracetamol in experimentally induced liver toxicity in mice. Acta Biochim Pol. 69(4): 871–878. 10.18388/abp.2020_6387

Sayuti, M. 2017. Pengaruh Perbedaan Metode Ekstraksi, Bagian Dan Jenis Pelarut Terhadap Rendemen Dan Aktifitas Antioksidan Bambu Laut (Isis Hippuris). Technol. Sci and Engineer. 1(3): 166–174.

Susanti, Y. I., Dwi, W., and Putri, R. 2014. The making of passion red (Passiflora edulis f. edulis Sims) powder (concern study on tween 80 and drying temperature). Pembuatan Minuman Serbuk Markisa Merah-Susanti 2: 170–179.

Syed WAS, Muhammad SA, Mujaddad UR, Azam H, Sarwar A, Aziz T et al. 2023. In-Vitro Evaluation of Phytochemicals, Heavy Metals and Antimicrobial Activities of Leaf, Stem and Roots Extracts of Caltha palustris var. alba J. Chil. Chem. Soc. 68(1): 5807–5812.

Tresna Yuliawaty, S., and Susanto, W. H. 2015. Pengaruh Lama Pengeringan dan Konsentrasi Maltodekstrin Terhadap karakteristik Fisik Kimia dan Organoleptik Minuman Instan Daun Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia L). Jurnal Pangan dan Agroindustri 3(1):41–52.

Turkmen F, Karasu S, Karadag A. (2020). Effects of Different Drying Methods and Temperature on the Drying Behavior and Quality Attributes of Cherry Laurel Fruit. Processes. 8(7): 761. 10.3390/pr8070761

Wang, S., Zhu, F., and Kakuda, Y. 2018. Sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.): Nutritional composition, biological activity, and uses. Food Chemistry 265: 316–328. 10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.05.055

Waqas, B., Khan, AA., Aziz, T., Ahmad, W., Jianbo, W., Alasmari, F. et al., 2024. Scrutinizing the Anti-Diabetic, Anti-Diarrheal and Anti-inflammatory Activities of Methanolic Extract of Pomegranate Peel via different approaches. Italian Journal of Food Sci. 36(1): 1–14. 10.15586/ijfs.v36i1.2459

Wirakartakusumah, M. A., Abdullah, K., and Syarief, A. M. 1992. Sifat Fisik Pangan. PAU Pangan Gizi IPB, Bogor.

Zahra N, Fareed T, Hamza M, Zeeshan B, Sarwar A, Aziz T, et al., 2023. In-Vivo and In-Silico analysis of Anti-Inflammatory, Analgesic, and Anti pyretic activities of Citrus paradisi Leaf Extract. J. Chil. Chem. Soc. 68(2): 5813–5821.

Zahra N, Mazhar A, Zahid B, Naeem AM, Sarwar A, Aziz T et al. 2024. Evaluation of Butea monosperma floral extract on inflammatory biomarkers. Open Chem. 22: 1–8. 10.151510.1515/chem-2023-0199

Zawar H., Muhammad J., Rahman S., Tammana I., Sarwar A., Ullah N., et al. 2023. Synthesis of silver nanoparticles by aqueous extraction of Zingiber officinale and their antibacterial activi-ties against selected species. Pol J Chem Technol. 25(3): 23–30. 10.2478/pjct-2023-0021