COMPARATIVE STUDY ON TOTAL POLYPHENOLS CONTENT OF TUNISIAN WILD RHUS PENTAPHYLLA FRUIT EXTRACTS AND THE EVALUATION OF THEIR BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES

Main Article Content

H. FADHIL
F. MRAIHI
J.K. CHERIF
M. SÖKMEN

Keywords

Rhus pentaphylla, ultrasonic extraction, total polyphenol conten, antioxidant activity, antimicrobial potential

Abstract

This study was focused on determining the total polyphenols content and biological activities from wild Rhus pentaphylla fruits at two different maturity stages, (stage 1: green-yellow fruits and stage 2: purple-red fruits Highly significant (p 0.01) increase was observed in total phenolic contents of fruits ranging from 158.65±0.06 to 177.57±0.06 mg Eq. AG.100 mg-1 DW. In contrast, both total flavonoid (from 157.34±0.07 to 152.69±0.14 mg Eq. Cat.100 mg-1 DW) and condensed tannins contents (from 200.26±0.30 to 131.23±0.24 mg Eq. Cat.100 mg-1 DW) showed dramatic decreases (p?0.01). Evaluation of biological activities has provided good effects. Our results show the importance of using this wild fruits in pharmaceutical industries.
Abstract 309 | pdf Downloads 320

References

Abed D. 2013. Etude bibliographique sur la phytochimie de quelques espèces du genre Rhus, Université KasdiMerbah, Ouargla.

Atanasov AG., Waltenberger B., Pferschy-Wenzig EM., Linder T., Wawrosch C., Uhrin P. and Rollinger JM. 2015. Discovery and resupply of pharmacologically active plant-derived natural products: A review. Biotechnology advances 33:1582-1614.

Balouiri M., Sadiki M. and Ibnsouda SK. 2016. Methods for in vitro evaluating antimicrobial activity: A review. J. Pharma Anal 6:71-79.

Blainski A., Lopes GC. and De Mello JCP. 2013. Application and analysis of the FolinCiocalteu method for the determination of the total phenolic content from Limonium Brasiliense L.Molecules 18:6852-6865.

Ben Ahmed C., Ben Rouina B., Sensoy S. and Boukhriss M. 2009. Saline water irrigation effects on fruit development, quality, and phenolic composition of virgin olive oils, Cv. Chemlali. J. Agri. Food chem 57:2803-2811.

Benzie IF. and Strain JJ. 1999. Ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay: Direct measure of total antioxidant activity of biological fluids and modified version for simultaneous measurement of total antioxidant power and ascorbic acid concentration. Methods in enzymology299:15-27.

Carina C.M. 2012. Phytochemical and Pharmacological Investigations of Brideliaretusa Spreng.

Cushnie TT. and Lamb AJ. 2005. Antimicrobial activity of flavonoids. Inter J. Antimicrobial agents 26:343-356.

El Mokni R. and El Aouni MH. 2011. Sparaxis Tricolore, Sparaxis Tricolor (CURT.) KER-GAWL. (IRIDACEAE JUSS.): Une nouvelle adventice naturalisée pour la flore Tunisie 505:11-14.

Ghouila H., Haddar W., Ticha MB., Baaka N., Meksi N., Mhenni MF and Jannet HB. 2014 Rhuspentaphylla Bark as a New Source of Natural Colorant for Wool and Silk fibers. J. Tunisian Chem Society 16:95-102.

Günaydin M., Laghari AH., Bekta? E., Sökmen M. and Sökmen A. 2017. Accumulation of phenolics in natural and micropropagated plantlets of Thymus pseudopulegioides Klokov & Des.-Shost. with their antioxidant potentials. Turkish J. Biol. 41:754-764.

Hamblin MR. and Hasan T. 2004. Photodynamic therapy: a new antimicrobial approach to infectious disease?. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences 3:436-450.

Itidel C., Chokri M., Mohamed B. and Yosr Z. 2013. Antioxidant activity, total phenolic and flavonoid content variation among Tunisian natural populations of Rhustripartita (Ucria) Grande and Rhuspentaphylla Desf. Industrial Crops and Products 51:171-177.

Jabbari M. and Jabbari A. 2016. Antioxidant potential and DPPH radical scavenging kinetics of water-insoluble flavonoid naringenin in aqueous solution of micelles. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 489:392-399.

Kennedy JA., Matthews MA. and Waterhouse AL. 2000. Changes in grape seed polyphenols during fruit ripening. Phytochem 55:77-85.

Lahsissene H., Kahouadji A. and Hseini S. 2010. Catalogue des plantes medicinalesutilisees dans la region de Zaër (Maroc Occidental). Lejeunia, Revue de Botanique.

Larcher R., Tonidandel L., Nicolini G. and Fedrizzi B. 2013. First evidence of the presence of S-cysteinylated and S-glutathionylated precursors in tannins. Food Chem.141:1196-1202.

Lee SK., Jung HS., Eo WK., Lee SY., Kim SH. and Shim BS. 2010. Rhusverniciflua stokes extract as a potential option for treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma: Report of two cases. Annals of Oncology 21:1383-1385.

Marinova D., Ribarova F. and Atanassova M. 2005. Total phenolics and total flavonoids in Bulgarian fruits and vegetables. J. University Chem. Tech and Metallurgy 40:255-260.

Mollica A., Zengin G., Stefanucci A., Ferrante C., Menghini L., Orlando G. et al. 2018. Nutraceutical potential of Corylus avellana daily supplements for obesity and related dysmetabolism. J. Funct. Foods 47:562-574.

Navarro JM., Flores P., Garrido C. and Martinez V. 2006. Changes in the contents of antioxidant compounds in pepper fruits at different ripening stages, as affected by salinity. Food Chem. 96:66-73.

Price ML., Van Scoyoc S. and Butler LG. 1978. A critical evaluation of the Vanillin reaction as an essay for tannin in sorghum grain. J. Agri. Food Chem. 26:1214-1219.

Pulido R., Bravo L. and Saura-Calixto F. 2000. Antioxidant activity of dietary polyphenols as determined by a modified ferric reducing/antioxidant power assay. J. Agri. Food Chem. 48:3396-3402.

Rached W. 2009. Evaluation du potentialantioxidant des plantes médicinales et analyses phytochimique, Université d’Oran Es-Sénia, Faculté des Sciences, Département de Biologie.

Rice-Evans CA. and Miller NJ. 1996. Antioxidant activities of flavonoids as bioactive components of food.

Sabzghabaee AM., Kelishadi R., Golshiri K., Ghannadi A. and Badri S. 2014. Clinical Effects of Rhuscoriaria Fruits on Dyslipidemia 308 in Adolescents: a Triple-blinded Randomized Placebo-controlled Trial.Medical Archives 68:308.

Singleton VL., Orthofer R. and Lamuela-Raventós RM. 1999. Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of folin-ciocalteu reagent. Meth. Enzymol. 299:152-178.

Sokmen A., Gulluce M., Akpulat HA., Daferera D., Tepe B., Polissiou M. and Sahin F. 2004. The in vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oils and methanol extracts of endemic Thymus spathulifolius. Food control 15:627-634.

Tille P. 2013. Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Tlili N., Mejri H., Yahia Y., Saadaoui E., Rejeb S., Khaldi A. and NasriN. 2014. Phytochemicals and antioxidant activities of Rhustripartitum(Ucria) fruits depending on locality and different stages of maturity. Food chemistry 160:98-103.

Zhishen J., Mengcheng T. and Jianming W. 1999. The determination of flavonoid contents in mulberry and their scavenging effects on superoxide radicals. Food Chem. 64:555-559.