ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY AS WELL AS VITAMIN C AND POLYPHENOL CONTENT IN THE DIET FOR ATHLETES

Main Article Content

B. FRĄCZEK
M. MORAWSKA
M. GACEK
K. POGOŃ

Keywords

vitamin C, polyphenols, antioxidant potential, diet, athletes, chemical analyses

Abstract

The aim of the study was to analytically evaluate the total content of vitamin C and polyphenols as well as the antioxidant potential of daily food rations planned for athletes. Chemical analyses showed that an average food ration for women (2,120.1 kcal, 90.8 g protein, 53.1 g fat and 354.0 g carbohydrates) contained 5.5±2.6 mg vitamin C and 20.1±4.1 mg polyphenols in 100 g fresh mass. An average food ration for men (2,648.8 kcal, 112.5 g protein, 63.1 g fat and 447.4 g carbohydrates) contained 5.6±1.4 mg vitamin C and 22.9±8.1 mg polyphenols in 100 g fresh mass. The antioxidant potential of an average ration for women expressed as reducing power (FRAP index) in 100 g fresh mass was 8.2±0.7 mmol Fe+2,  and for men,  8.9  ±0.9 mmol Fe+2.  The antioxidant potential of an average ration prepared for women and men expressed as antiradical activity against  DPPH  in  100  g fresh mass was respectively: 2.7±02  mmol and  2.7±0.4  mmol  Trolox equivalent.  Balanced food rations rich in products with high nutrient density can ensure the appropriate intake of vitamin C and polyphenols and high antioxidant potential of the diet.

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